STUDY DESIGN: Morphometric analysis of vertebrae from normal patients and patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. OBJECTIVES: To use magnetic resonance imaging to assess pedicle asymmetry in normal patients and patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis in the early stages of scoliosis development and to determine if patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis exhibited a consistent vertebral morphology. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: To date, most studies of vertebral morphology in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis have produced conflicting data, especially on pedicle length, and have been conducted on patients in the late stages of scoliosis development, which may affect the patterns of vertebral morphology detected. Magnetic resonance imaging enables in vivo assessment of curves during development and permits improved acquisition of transverse images. METHODS: Magnetic resonance images of 76 pedicles from 8 normal patients and 80 pedicles from 10 patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis were examined retrospectively. Recorded parameters included pedicle lengths, pedicle widths, pedicle areas, pedicle perimeters, and lamina lengths. The extent and direction of asymmetry in vertebrae from normal patients and patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis were determined and compared. RESULTS: Normal patients displayed significant neural arch asymmetry, with the left sided measurements being greater. Patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis also displayed significant neural arch asymmetry; however, the longer pedicle was not consistently on the convexity or the concavity. CONCLUSIONS: The baseline used to assess adolescent idiopathic scoliosis vertebral morphology must take into consideration the extent and direction of normal vertebral asymmetry. The pattern of vertebral asymmetry seen inadolescent idiopathic scoliosis may depend on the specific cause of the disorder, with no consistent pattern evident when data from different causes are pooled together.
|Publication status||Published - Apr 1 2004|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
- Clinical Neurology