Utilizing the potential of Saussurea lappa in aquaculture industry: a review on immune enhancement and pollution remediation

Mohammed Abd Elhady Naiel, Abdelrazeq Mohamed Shehata, Vinod Kumar Paswan, Mourad Ben Said, Khaled A. El-Tarabily

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Aquaculture and the production of aquatic goods are rapidly growing industries in the world. These industries involve the cultivation of various saltwater and freshwater fish as well as shellfish species, and they undergo regular updates in their manufacturing processes. The increasing popularity of aquaculture is driven by the desire to achieve long-term sustainability in food production. However, the intensification of farming techniques can lead to economic losses due to fish mortality, which is often caused by infectious and stressful conditions. To address this challenge, it is crucial to enhance the immune response of fish as part of sustainable intensification and aquaculture management. Recently, there has been growing interest in eco-friendly and natural bioactive solutions as potential alternatives to synthetic compounds used for disease prevention in aquaculture. Medicinal plants, available as whole plants, plant extracts, or synthetic analogues of natural substances known as phytomedicines or phytopharmaceuticals, have shown high efficacy in disease prevention for humans and animals. One such medicinal plant is Saussurea lappa, which is extensively utilized in various forms of medicine for treating multiple diseases. The bioactive chemicals derived from S. lappa exhibit a wide range of biological activities, including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antimicrobial, and anticancer properties, along with immunostimulatory effects. Given the diverse biological activities of S. lappa and its potential to enhance the immune responses of aquatic species, this review focuses on exploring its contributions in this area. By examining the numerous benefits and applications of S. lappa, we aim to shed light on its potential role in improving the immune response of aquatic species.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAquaculture International
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2024


  • Aquaculture industry
  • Bioactive solutions
  • Disease prevention
  • Immune response
  • Saussurea lappa; sustainable intensification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Agronomy and Crop Science


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