Vitreous levels of pigment epithelium-derived factor and vascular endothelial growth factor in diabetic and non-diabetic retinopathy: associated factors and anatomical correlation

Rami Al-Dwairi, Tamam El-Elimat, Abdelwahab Aleshawi, Ahmed Al Sharie, Seren Al Beiruti, Abdallah K. Sharayah, Mohammed Allouh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: This study aims to investigate the factors affecting the vitreous levels of pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VGEF) among patients with pars plana vitrectomy (PPV). Also, this study correlates the levels of PEDF with RRD characteristics. Methods: All patients who were scheduled for PPV for any indication were included in the study. They were divided into a case group which included patients with advanced PDR and a control group which included the remaining diagnoses. During the PPV, an undiluted vitreous sample was taken and the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method was utilized to measure the levels of VEGF and PEDF. Results: Eighty eyes were involved. Patients diagnosed with advanced PDR and endophthalmitis exhibited higher levels of VEGF. PEDF was affected inversely by the age of the patients and PEDF levels were higher in RRD and endophthalmitis cases. In patients with RRD, the level of PEDF was higher if the tear was found inferiorly, if the macula was detached, and with a longer duration of RRD. Conclusions: This study highlights the clinical importance of those biomarkers. Anti-VEGF-based treatment is the mainstay against PDR. PEDF may show a promising predictive values regarding patients with RRD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number38
JournalInternational Journal of Retina and Vitreous
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2024

Keywords

  • Diabetic retinopathy
  • PEDF, ELISA
  • Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment
  • VEGF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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