Waterpipe smoke-induced hypercoagulability and cardiac injury in mice: Influence of cessation of exposure

Abderrahim Nemmar, Suhail Al-Salam, Sumaya Beegam, Nur Elena Zaaba, Ozaz Elzaki, Javed Yasin, Badreldin H. Ali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Waterpipe tobacco smoking has gained worldwide popularity, particularly among youths. Several clinical and experimental studies have reported that waterpipe smoking (WPS) injures the cardiovascular system. However, the impact of smoking cessation (CS) on the cardiovascular toxicity induced by WPS received scant attention. Hence, we assessed, in C57BL/6 mice, the cardiovascular effects of WPS exposure for 3 months followed by 3 months of SC, as compared with mice exposed for either 3 months to WPS or air (control). WPS exposure induced hypertension, prothrombotic events both in vivo and in vitro and increased the plasma concentrations of tissue factor, fibrinogen and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1. These effects were significantly alleviated by SC. In heart tissue, the levels of troponin I, creatine kinase, lipid peroxidation, 8-isoprostane, tumor necrosis factor α, inteleukin 6, DNA damage and cleaved caspase-3 were significantly increased by WPS exposure. These actions were significantly reduced in the group of mice exposed to WPS followed by SC. Similarly, the increase in the level of nuclear factor κ-β induced by WPS exposure was significantly mitigated by SC. Immunohistochemical analysis of the hearts showed that WPS exposure increased the expression of nuclear factor erythroid-derived 2-like 2 by cardiomyocytes. The latter effect was significantly reduced by SC. Taken together, our data show that SC is associated with amelioration of WPS induced hypertension, prothrombotic events and cardiac oxidative stress, inflammation, DNA damage and apoptosis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112493
JournalBiomedicine and Pharmacotherapy
Volume146
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022

Keywords

  • Cardiac oxidative stress
  • Inflammation
  • Smoking cessation
  • Systolic blood pressure
  • Waterpipe smoke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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