What are neurodevelopmental disorders?

Fatima Y. Ismail, Bruce K. Shapiro

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

62 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose of review The purpose of this review is to highlight the origin and evolution of the field of neurodevelopmental disabilities and describe the main construct(s) upon which the current classification of neurodevelopmental disorders is based. Recent findings We address the following questions: Are neurodevelopmental disorders independent entities? Why is it desirable to understand the neurobiological substrate for these disorders? What new knowledge have we generated by leveraging advances in neuroscience, genetics, and neuroimaging? And finally, is the current construct, that is based on functional classification, still useful? Summary As our biological understanding of brain-behavior disorders evolves, we ought to re-evaluate the current classification system and expand it into a multidimensional classification that takes into account behavioral profiles and underlying mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)611-616
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Opinion in Neurology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2019


  • disability
  • genetics
  • neurobiology
  • neurodevelopmental disorders
  • neuroimaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


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