Whole Genome Sequence Analysis of a Novel Apilactobacillus Species from Giant Honeybee (Apis dorsata) Gut Reveals Occurrence of Genetic Elements Coding Prebiotic and Probiotic Traits

Waqar Ahmad, Shazia Khaliq, Nasrin Akhtar, Jamilah El Arab, Kalsoom Akhtar, Satya Prakash, Munir A. Anwar, Nayla Munawar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Apilactobacillus spp. are classified as obligate fructophilic lactic acid bacteria (FLAB) that inhabit fructose-rich niches such as honeybee gut. Lactic acid bacteria are an important component of the gut microbiome and play a crucial role in maintaining gut health. In this study, a new FLAB strain HBW1, capable of producing glucan-type exopolysaccharide, was isolated from giant honeybee (Apis dorsata) gut and subjected to whole genome sequencing (WHS) to determine its health-beneficial traits. The genome size of the isolate was 1.49 Mb with a GC content of 37.2%. For species level identity, 16S rDNA sequence similarity, genome to genome distance calculator (dDDH), and average nucleotide identity (ANI) values were calculated. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the isolate HBW1 belongs to the Apilactobacillus genus. The dDDH and ANI values in comparison with closely clustered Apilactobacillus kunkeei species were 52% and 93.10%, respectively. Based on these values, we concluded that HBW1 is a novel species of Apilactobacillus, and we propose the name Apilactobacillus waqarii HBW1 for it. Further, WHS data mining of HBW1 revealed that it harbors two glucosyltransferase genes for prebiotic glucan-type exopolysaccharide synthesis. Moreover, chaperon (clp) and methionine sulfoxide reductase (msrA, msrB, and msrC) genes as well as nutritional marker genes for folic acid (folD) and riboflavin biosynthesis (rib operon), important for conferring probiotic properties, were also detected. Occurrence of these genetic traits make HBW1 an excellent candidate for application to improve gut function.

Original languageEnglish
Article number904
JournalMicroorganisms
Volume10
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2022

Keywords

  • Apilactobacillus
  • dextran
  • exopolysaccharides
  • giant honeybee (Apis dorsata)
  • glucans
  • glucosyltransferase
  • gut
  • prebiotics
  • probiotics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Virology

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