Woven hybrid composites: Water absorption and thickness swelling behaviours

H. P.S. Abdul Khalil, M. Jawaid, A. Abu Bakar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

91 Citations (Scopus)


Oil palm empty fruit bunches (EFB)/woven jute fibres (Jw) reinforced epoxy hybrid composites were prepared by hand lay-up technique by keeping the EFB/woven jute fibre weight ratios constant, i.e. 4:1. By combining oil palm EFB and woven jute fibre, it is possible to take advantage of both fibres while at the same time suppressing their less desirable qualities. These hybrids provide a new type of sandwich structure with a good skin-core adhesion and the potential for their applications as cost-effective sandwich construction. The effect of the layering pattern on the water absorption and thickness swelling of the hybrid composites was studied. It was observed that water diffusion occurred in the composites, depending on the fibre type as well as the layering pattern. EFB fibre composites exhibited maximum water absorption during the whole duration of immersion. The hybridization of oil palm EFB composites with woven jute fibre showed beneficial effects on both the water absorption and thickness swelling by improving fibre/matrix bonding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1043-1052
Number of pages10
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - May 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Hybrid composites
  • Thickness swelling
  • Water absorption
  • Woven jute fibre

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Bioengineering
  • Waste Management and Disposal


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