WSES classification and guidelines for liver trauma

Federico Coccolini, Fausto Catena, Ernest E. Moore, Rao Ivatury, Walter Biffl, Andrew Peitzman, Raul Coimbra, Sandro Rizoli, Yoram Kluger, Fikri M. Abu-Zidan, Marco Ceresoli, Giulia Montori, Massimo Sartelli, Dieter Weber, Gustavo Fraga, Noel Naidoo, Frederick A. Moore, Nicola Zanini, Luca Ansaloni

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

80 Citations (Scopus)


The severity of liver injuries has been universally classified according to the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST) grading scale. In determining the optimal treatment strategy, however, the haemodynamic status and associated injuries should be considered. Thus the management of liver trauma is ultimately based on the anatomy of the injury and the physiology of the patient. This paper presents the World Society of Emergency Surgery (WSES) classification of liver trauma and the management Guidelines.

Original languageEnglish
Article number50
JournalWorld Journal of Emergency Surgery
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Oct 10 2016


  • Classification
  • Guidelines
  • Hemorrage
  • Liver trauma
  • Minor
  • Moderate
  • Non-operative management
  • Operative management
  • Severe
  • Surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Emergency Medicine


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