Zagreb Connection Indices for Metal Trihalides

Zahid Raza, Sarfraz Ahmad, Muneeba Mansha, Muhammad Imran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The progression of the 2D novel, metal trihalides MX3 has been learned in Dirac half-metallicity topological spintronic possessions because of their interest that are inherited magnetic processes reflected by 2D metal trihalides. Additionally, the effects of the orbital pair create a big relative spin. Furthermore, because of spin-orbital coupling joined with force and high bend temperature, 2D materials like Bil3 discover significant applications in room temperature radiation indicators bringing about an unfamiliar band gap. The Zagreb indices are widely considered T-indices. We study the second-degree-based Zagreb connection indices that are equivalent graph invariants. Our purpose is to calculate the connection indices of metal trihalides. Ultimately, we make a comparison of these indices for their expected values and give a graphical representation of metal trihalides using numerical tables and 3D plots.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2261-2278
Number of pages18
JournalApplied Mathematics and Nonlinear Sciences
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2023


  • Metal trihalide 2D materials
  • Topological indices
  • Zagreb connection indices
  • comparison
  • connection number

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Applied Mathematics


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